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Компаративний аналіз моделей публічної політики «Imperfect democraties» на прикладі Литви та Польщі

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dc.contributor.author Швець, Катерина Андріївна
dc.date.accessioned 2023-02-03T15:44:51Z
dc.date.available 2023-02-03T15:44:51Z
dc.date.issued 2022
dc.identifier.other УДК: 32.321.342.2.353
dc.identifier.other DOI: 10.15421/352226
dc.identifier.uri https://r.donnu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/2710
dc.description Стаття у науковому журналі ФІЛОСОФІЯ ТА ПОЛІТОЛОГІЯ В КОНТЕКСТІ СУЧАСНОЇ КУЛЬТУРИ Дніпровського національного університету імені Олеся Гончара, ISSN 2663-0265 (print version) 2663-0273 (online), Том 14 № 2(30) 2022 en_US
dc.description.abstract The article determines that public administration both in democratic states and in states on the way to democracy depends on a number of factors: historical past, economic development, territorial affiliation, global political and integration processes, national characteristics. The level of development of civil society and political culture, the level of trust in public authorities, the development of e-government and e-democracy have a significant influence on the formation of this or that model of public policy of the state, and especially on the formation of “bottom-up” relations. It has been established that the states of imperfect democracy have their own characteristics. Among the characteristic features of the Lithuanian model of public administration, which was formed at various stages of administrative transformations in Lithuania and contributed to the establishment of a two-way connection from top to bottom and bottom to top between the government and society, it is appropriate to include the following: reduction of excessive state regulation; improving the quality of public services; increasing the effectiveness of public authorities; increasing information transparency in the work of state bodies and organizations. On the other hand, in Poland, despite a number of democratic transformations, public administration still remains vertical with certain elements of dialogue politics. Public control is quite effective in the country, a number of e-governance mechanisms have been introduced, but a number of state decisions are implemented without public consultations, performance indicators, audits and expert evaluations are rarely used, and there are no open tenders for filling vacant public positions. Thus, the comparative study conducted in the specified countries using the method of binary longitudinal temporal comparison made it possible to single out the model of public policy of the states of imperfect democracy, which is characterized by a slightly smaller field of interaction between the government and society, the reason for which is the presence, in addition to constructive factors, of a number of destructive factors that inhibit development public policy. Destructive factors include: unclear legislative regulation of the legal status of all participants in the socio-political process, centralization of power, corruption, lack of direct, free elections; absence or ignoring of the referendum institution; lack of an active civil society; low economic development of the state; a small stratum of the middle class; low level of political and legal culture and consciousness; oligarchy and presence of financial clans, etc. en_US
dc.publisher Дніпро: Дніпровський національний університет імені Олеся Гончара en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Філософія та політологія в контексті сучасної культури. Науковий журнал;Том 14 № 2(30) 2022
dc.subject компаративний аналіз en_US
dc.subject публічна політика en_US
dc.subject державне управління en_US
dc.subject ліберальні демократії en_US
dc.subject модель недосконалої демократії en_US
dc.subject comparative analysis en_US
dc.subject public policy en_US
dc.subject public administration en_US
dc.subject liberal democracies en_US
dc.subject model of imperfect democracy en_US
dc.title Компаративний аналіз моделей публічної політики «Imperfect democraties» на прикладі Литви та Польщі en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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